Unitarianism or unitary system of governments may be defined as a system of government whereby all the powers of government are been exercised or vested in one person. In other words , it’s a system whereby powers that exist is concentrated in one person. Although the central government may decide to delegate its power to his subordinate. In this system, powers are not shared , either it is exercised by a single individual which may give rise to what is called despotism or dictatorship.
Many countries of the world has one point in time in their political history adopted this system. Countries like, Italy and France.
FEATURES OF THIS SYSTEM.
It has a strong central government , this central government makes policies .
The central government can delegate its powers to lower units .
Small country. This system is most effective in a small homogenous country. A country where there is sharp difference in religion,language , political belief in its entire population.
It does not tolerate constitutional division of power and opposition party unlike federal system do.
Lastly , because of the fact that division of power is not allowed , such a country does not encounter conflict of authority.
The reasons for adaptation of unitary system of government.
It’s obvious that people who go into business does so because of a particular reason. Likewise the operation or adaptation of a political system. So, we shall be looking at the things that makes a country to adopt a Political system
Absence of tribal grouping .eg.Nigeria is tribally grouped , and for such practicing Unitarian system would be difficult if not detrimental to some regions.
Control and accountability. The need for accountable government that will be responsive to it’s duty to the people is one of the reasons for the adaptation of unitary system of government .
Homogenous factor is also inclusive.
You talk about management of functions.
The last but not the least , is that unitary system helps to ensure that there is coherent and efficient administration of its activities .
I must say , unitarianism is not that a good system, but to some extent it helps to ensure inclusiveness and it creates synergy between it and it subjects.
I advise you all to read your textbook”cover to cover ” this is because government is a wonderful subject .
Thanks once more for your audience.