Good morning class. this afternoon, we shall be looking at constitution as a topic. In today’s class we will delve into the nitty~ gritty of constitution, features, types and sources as well as the concept of constitutionalism. I know that practically everyone of you must have heard of the word Constitution, but the question is , how many of you have tried to have a deep study inside it, in a bid to have more knowledge of the things it consist of?
Constitution may be defined ss a set of agreed rules and principles stating how the powers of a country are given and how these power are to be exercised .it also establishes fundamental law of the land.
FEATURES OF CONSTITUTION.
CITIZENSHIP.The constitution of a country , stipulates the means of acquiring citizenship.
The process of Amendment. The constitution gives ways and procedures of amending Constitution, be it flexible or rigid constitution.
Tenure of office of government. For example, Nigeria 1979 states that a government should stay four years in office.
The preamble. This is the beginning paragraph. This declares its aspirations.
SOURCES OF CONSTITUTION.
past constitution is vital in the making of a new constitution.
Acts of parliament. These are the laws enacted by the parliament.
Customs and tradition. The tradition and culture of people could be a very good source of Constitution, as it involves the way of peoples lives and behavior.
Judicial precedence. Judicial precedence means the past judgment obtained in court of law, it serves as source of constitution.
TYPES OF CONSTITUTION.
A WRITTEN CONSTITUTION. This is a form of document establishing the fundamental rules and principles guiding a polity , or organization as well as a political system.its codified in a single document to serve as a vad~mecum for reference making .
it is defined as one in which the fundamental principles guiding a people is not codified in a single document. In such a political system , judicial precedence , convention and customs forms the laws guiding the people.
CONSTITUTIONALISM is the operation of a Constitution. That is, the adaptation of constitution be it written or unwritten. Its mostly adopted by a federal system of government. It would be pertinent to state that for the workability lies on its strict adherence to Constitution.
Thanks for your audience, the class is done and dusted .