STRESS AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE BODY
Life can be funny, happy, sad, belittling, over reacting and all sorts but how we go through them all takes a toll on our bodies. The rate of stress we go through daily tells on our bodies, its metabolic rates, and its quick response to signals sent out to it. These all happens right inside our bodies as we can’t see them but its effects can be seen on our outside.
Whether it’s sitting in traffic, being told a bad news, or just receiving good news, or while waiting to board a vehicle. The hypothalamus, the main control plugs of the brain just decides to send out signals freely of its own which is the stress hormone.
These stress hormones released by the brain are the same ones which do trigger the fight or flight hormones and sends it back to the brain for a quick and swift interpretation of the message. This message sent back to the body is what is responsible for quick breath, makes the heart races and gets our muscles strong and ready for action. This response was actually made to protect our bodies in case of emergencies and also prepare our bodies to quickly react. But when these hormones are released more than usual, it poses serious health risks to the overall activities of the body and it takes adverse effects on the health of an individual.
Stress is how we react to our daily lives in both its natural and physical states. We all experience stress on daily basis as we can’t escape from it. Anything can trigger stress be it working round the clock at the office, the sudden news of the death of a loved one, war, or just being sick. Immediate short-term situations, stress can be of great benefit to the health as it helps the body respond quickly to the situation at hand.
Also, if there is a continuous stressful activities, and if these stress levels stay longer than necessary, it have adverse effects on the health of individuals. Chronic stress causes varieties of symptoms, and also affecting the overall wellness of the body. Chronic stress symptoms are
EFFECTS OF STRESS ON VARIOUS PARTS OF THE BODY
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
The Central Nervous system is that part of the body which is in charge of the flight or fight motion of the body. The hypothalamus gets the stress hormone to be released in the brain .It also tells the adrenal glands to release cortisol and adrenaline which primarily are the stress hormones. These hormones when released are the reasons for increased heartbeat, it also sends blood to those areas that mostly need it, such as the heart, muscles and other important organs of the body.
When the body notices that the fear is all gone, the hypothalamus sends back messages to the brain telling it to stop its release thereby making everything go back to normal. But it the normalcy isn’t restored, there will be a continuous release of the stress hormone.
IMMUNE SYSTEMS OF THE BODY
Stress is also a factor which also stimulates the immune system, which can be a contributing factor to be used for immediate situations. The over release of the stress hormones militates the healing of wounds and avoid infections. These stress hormones which are released helps weaken the body against infections, viruses, weaken the body immune system, and also reduce the response of the body to foreign invaders. Stress also increases the chances of the body recovering from injuries or sicknesses.
Stress also takes great toll effects on the reproductive system and sexuality of an individual. Stress on a short time basis, causes men to produce the male hormone testosterone more frequently.
If the stress level continue to increase, a man’s testosterone level drops drastically. This drop of the testosterone causes low sperm count, interferes with the production of a man’s sperm, erectile dysfunction or eventually impotence.
In women, it could also disrupt the menstrual cycle. It could also lead to heavier, more painful or irregular periods. Chronic stress increases the chances of attaining menopause at a much earlier age.