Africa, the 2nd largest continent in the world, has a staggering population which currently stands at 1,219,324,814. The population is equivalent to 16.14% of the world’s population, according to United Nations’ estimate of august 2016. Despite the economic decay in the continent and political instabilities, the continent still retains the most unique tribes in the world. Africa is believed to consist of about 3000 tribes, 2000 languages, with diverse cultures and values which continue to promote the real image of the African people.
Each of these people from the different tribes has their unique ways of life. Africans have even been more successful in retaining the oldest of cultural values and believes than any other continent in the world. Interestingly, I have documented ten most interesting tribes for your reading pleasure. Enjoy.
THE SURI AND THE SUMNA TRIBE OF ETHOPIA:
Now it’s not a big deal to sight a pretty lady if you’re a male member of the Suri and Sumna tribe of Ethiopia. The big deal however comes from the fact that you have to compete in a fight with fellow male suitors of the lady you are interested in. The Suri and the Sumna tribe have this unique or rather interesting part of their culture when it comes to marriage matters.
The men are usually well motivated to fight because a host of Sumna ladies, each ready for marriage will be keenly watching as each man takes on his opponent; and whoever wins becomes the lady’s man. She believes the winner between the two men is stronger, able to protect her, and of course rightful to be married to her.
You wouldn’t need to propose to a lady afterall; just a strong head for a fight will do the talking.
THE FANTE TRIBE
This tribe is located in south-western part of Ghana. The Fante people are characterized by their unique bravery and a heart for hospitality. History has it that during the 15th century, despite the people’s self willingness to adopt the Portuguese surnames for themselves; they were however not scared to prevent the Portugueses from venturing inland. With much resistance by the Portuguese, the Fante people had to show the Portugueses the exit door from their community. These people also served as middlemen for the Dutchs and the interior British during commercial activities. They certainly have a good eye for business even in critical times.
The Yoruba people are vastly located in the south-western part of Africa’s largest nation Nigeria. The history of the Yoruba people dates back to the era of the slave trade, when they colonial masters realized these people could easily grasp the concept of education and knowledge. The Yoruba people own top positions in business, banking and a host of other specialties. Their receptivity for education is most notable through African icons including Nobel prize winner Prof. Wole Soyinka, and the diminutive leader and economist, Obafemi Awolowo. The traditional outfits of the Yoruba people include the popular agbada, ofi, kembe etc. These are often worn on days of outdoor events and during religious activities . The concept of marriage involves traditional introductory occasion between the two families; while the proper wedding ceremony follows afterwards.
THE ZULU TRIBE
The Zulu people of South Africa are unique in their own way. Usually traditional outfits are only worn on special days such as the Shaka’s day, while the people go on casual dresses such as T-shirts on other working days.
The Zulu people believe that no union between a man and woman is permanent, if there is no child between them.
Marriage to the Zulu people involves the girl writing a love letter to the man who has shown interest in her. The letter is usually made with special beads. The man who has previously shown interest in the lady via letter writings, also continues to send her love letters until marriage rites are set, performed and then marriage can take place.
To them, the concept of marriage and courtship is simple. Write a letter always.
THE HIMBA TRIBE
If you are wondering what a tribe can be excellent at natural medicine, then you have to know about the Himba people. These people are located in the northern part of Namibia.
Red ochre, with butter are often used by these people to protect and heal their bodies from possible infections. Also, the people have an enigmatic believe in Fire. They worship and communicate with their god through a burning fire. The usual way of bathing for their ladies every morning is by standing in the midst of smoke – believing that the spoke purifies them from any attack and unforeseen illnesses.
THE CHANGA TRIBE
Changa tribe is located in eastern part of Tanzania. The population of these people is well over 500,000. They are mostly herdsmen. One interesting thing about these people Is that despite the poor standard of living, they have a very good taste for music. Famous African musicians from Tanzania are majorly from the Changa people.
The people most times gather in the day with their musical instruments and dance for several hours in performing their religious rites.
THE IGBO TRIBE.
The Igbo tribe remains one of the most popular tribe in Nigeria. They are located in the eastern part of the country. The Igbo people are unique for their industrious capabilities. They are often taunted as the “china of Africa”. They are vast in trade – building, buying and selling, and are found in almost every part of the country. The Igbo people also hold the institution of marriage in a high esteem. The marriage rites are always performed elaborately with the groom’s family having to shoulder the responsibility of numerous expenses.
THE MASSAI TRIBE
This tribe is located in Kenya. Interestingly, for a very long time, people from the tribe do not comprehend the private ownership concept. Things are mostly done in collections. They do not have public execution, and if a person is found guilty of a crime, things are settled by paying cattle to the affected person without strive.
The Massai people generally believe in the god of the cattle. They live their lives around their precious cattle, and nothing else matters to them as much as their cattle.
THE PONDO TRIBE.
Now, if you’ll like to be most welcomed by these people who live in Eastern Cape, south Africa, you had better not wear a blue or green or even the conventional black or white color when you go visit them. South Africans refer to the Pondo tribe as the red people.
No doubt, the Pondo people are great lovers of the reddish colour. They wear red clothes, rugs and cover up their skin with red clay, with their houses painted reddish. Most of their life style pertaining to colors revolves around the beautiful reddish color.
That’s why mostly they are reffered to as the Red people. The population of these people is about 8 million.
THE GA- ADANGBE TRIBE
This tribe is located in the southeastern coast of Ghana’s city Accra. The people are interestingly known for their flairs for festivals. Among the festivals of these people is the Homowo festival, which literarily means “mocking hunger”. The festival is usually characterized by dances and loud musics to celebrate the passing of famine from the land, and to welcome the the harvest season.
The Ga-Adangbe people are also known for elaborate funeral celebrations where coffins are crafted depicting the occupation or symbol of one’s standing in the community. For example, a furniture man is buried with a coffin in the shape of a box or a taxi driver in a coffin’s shape of a car.
It’s really quite easy to figure out coffin’s shape amidst these people.